Why understanding how your wrists work in the golf swing is the secret to controlling the clubface

My week in Fort Worth for the PGA TOUR’s return to competition was an emotional and adrenalin-filled one. 

From after-hours isolation in my hotel room, to daily Covid-19 Thermal testing, to calling some incredible golf around an iconic venue, it was a memorable experience.  

In my role as an on-course announcer I got to call the mega-watt Featured Group of Fowler, Thomas and Spieth. I called some Harold Varner III action too, and Xander Schauffele and Justin Rose were part of my Saturday mix.  Indeed I was treated to an entertaining array of idiosyncratic golf swing techniques and the golf-nerd inside was wholly satisfied.

Perhaps the highlight of it all though was watching, and calling, Collin Morikawa in the final round as he made a push for the coveted title.  

It seemed fitting that a guy who plays the game like Ben Hogan would fair well around Hogan’s Alley.  


Morikawa is blessed with a beautifully reliable and repetitive golf swing. He is technically sound and exhibits elements common to many leading iron players throughout the ages. Not the most powerful guy in the game, he does compress the ball effectively, shape it comfortably, and vary the trajectory easily.  He is fiercely creative and plays the game from the middle of the green to either left or right hole locations. He is truly joy to watch.

When forced, a la Ben Hogan, Morikawa will go to the fade shot.  In contrast to Hogan however, Collin carries a very different wrist alignment at the top of his golf swing.  That said, the two of them look very similar in terms of the club-face alignment to the swing path through impact to produce that penetrating powerful fade shot.

It brings up an important element to consistent ball-striking. It is a principle that must be understood and cannot be overlooked.  Indeed if impact is the proverbial “moment of truth” then the top of the swing, the transition and the delivery of the club are the “truth serum”.

This wrists play a vital role in the aforementioned and have the largest influence in clubface control and presentation. Basically, they are capable of three sets of distinct movements: flexion and extension, supination and pronation, and ulnar and radial deviation.  

It sounds complicated I know, but for simplicity’s sakes, there are two areas you should be concerned with in order to get your clubface adequately situated for powerful and repeating strikes.

At impact the lead wrist is largely in flexion (slightly bowed with the wrist bone raised) and in supination (rotated so that the palm is pointing toward the sky).  Everything that comes before this should lead to that situation.  And for all you “Grill Room Golf Tip Guys”, no amount of keeping your head down, your eye on the ball, or swinging smoothly will make the ball go properly if your wrist alignments (and by extension the clubface) are not in order. 

Extension vs flexion
EXTENSION (TOP) Your wrist is in extension mode when you pull your hand toward your forearm. The clubface responds by opening. FLEXION (BOTTOM) Your wrist is in flexion mode when you bow it like Dustin Johnson and most elite players. The clubface responds by closing.

Back to our Hogan/Morikawa comparison. The legendary Ben Hogan, who was more “cupped”, or lead wrist extended, at the top of the swing, would have to transition from that position to an extended, or bowed, and supinated situation at impact.  In contrast, Collin Morikawa, who carries a more extended wrist (bowed) at the top, requires less of a transition of wrist alignments en route to impact.  Essentially, he retains the wrist position from the top as his body rotates and moves toward impact. 

So the lesson behind the explanation is for you to understand the situation of your wrists and the club-face at the top of your swing, and how to move towards a sound impact position.  

All things remaining the same, at the top, a bowed wrist with a neutral grip will manifest in a closed clubface, and a cupped wrist will show an open clubface.  Either way, the object is to move in a way that presents a squaring clubface through impact.  

Understand where you sit and transition accordingly toward that moment of truth.  It may feel awkward, but if you do it correctly you will see an instantaneous improvement to your ball-striking and control.


Golf.com Contributor

On-course announcer and analyst Mark Immelman is passionate about the game of golf. As a decorated instructor, award-winning NCAA college golf coach, and an accomplished golfer, Mark brings a robust knowledge and vast experience to his role as a television broadcaster and golf instructor. He is currently a Golf Analyst for CBS Sports HQ, and an Analyst and On-course Announcer for CBS Sports and Golf on CBS. He currently also serves as a Studio Analyst and an On-course Announcer for PGA TOUR Live  for PGA TOUR Live.

The older brother to 2008 Masters Champion, Trevor Immelman, Mark grew up in Somerset West, South Africa. After a successful amateur career in South Africa he was offered a golf scholarship to Columbus State University (Columbus , GA). He enjoyed a prolific collegiate tenure highlighted by his four-time All-America selections, two-time Academic All-America awards, and two NCAA Div. II National Championship victories. After graduation, Mark had a short season as a playing professional, but quickly turned his attention to his true passion – golf teaching.

As a golf instructor, Mark believes in cultivating ability and talent by providing comprehensive, holistic golf instruction that is easily understandable and of the highest quality to golfers of all abilities and skill levels. His passionate approach and keen knowledge of the game have led to him being a sought-after mind by leading Professional and Amateur golfers alike. Through his career he has taught and/or consulted to PGA TOUR and European Tour professionals and tournament winners such as: Larry Mize, Loren Roberts, Trevor Immelman, Scott Brown, Patton Kizzire, Louis Oosthuizen and Will Wilcox. He has been recognized as one of “Golf Digest’s Top 20 Instructors Under 40”, Golf Digest’s “Best Teachers in the State of Georgia” and Georgia Trend Magazine’s “Top 40 Under 40 – Georgia’s Best and Brightest”.

As a NCAA College Coach at Columbus State University (since 2001) Mark continues to coach the Columbus State Men’s Golf Team and his program is a perennial contender for Conference and National Titles. He is a two-time NCAA Div. II Atlantic/Southeast Region Coach of the Year, two-time Peachbelt Conference Coach of the Year, and the 2009 NCAA Div. II National Coach of the Year.

In 2019 Mark was selected as Captain and Coach of the (Arnold) Palmer Cup International Team. His team triumphed over the United States Team in the Palmer Cup Matches held at The Alotian Club outside of Little Rock, AR.

Mark’s additional broadcast duties include being a guest analyst on the CBS Sports “First Cut Podcast”. CBS Sports also uses Mark’s unique voice for audio and promotional PGA TOUR advertisements and promotional reads.

He has also served a 6-year tenure as a Play-by-Play Announcer for Sirius/XM PGA TOUR Radio.

Additionally, Mark hosts “On the Mark”, a PGA TOUR Podcast, which to date has been downloaded more than 3 million times in more than 125 countries.

He has also written golf instructional columns and articles for Golf Digest SA, Golf Digest USA and is currently penning instructional pieces for Golf Magazine. As an author, Mark has published two e-Books on golf instruction: “Scandalously SImple – The Easy Way to Accurate Golf Shots” and “Golf is a Game of Recovery”.

You can learn more about at MarkImmelman.com